Tips

Goods transport: optional services

Freight transport providers are constantly seeking to expand their service offerings to meet the most varied needs. Options and special services now allow the handling of any package, in just about any condition.

Options in freight transport

  • Pickup service

    You can adjust the conditions of the collection of your folds: choice by stroke by phone (or internet) for occasional shipments, implementation of a systematic process for regular shipments and choice of pickup location.

  • Priority shipping

    This freight transport option allows you to benefit from priority processing of your shipment, from pick-up to dispatch: delivery at the beginning of the day, delivery confirmation …

  • Guarantee

    All goods transport providers offer personalized tracking of your parcels. You can also benefit from the implementation of dedicated means of delivery in case of anomaly, confirmation of delivery, insurance , etc.

  • Delivery Services

    You can also customize your delivery by asking specifically for your package the installation of a sticker, or by providing a delivery on Saturday.

  • Enhanced security

    For certain types of goods, means of protection and monitoring can be proposed: GPS tracking, control at each load break, storage in a secure space in the case of delivery remaining deposit, etc.

Specific services

  • Delivery in extreme urgency

    For your last minute needs in freight transportation, emergency teams always ready to intervene can be contacted by some transport professionals.
    This type of service is expensive, but you can enjoy a significant mobilization, only dedicated to the handling of your package: on-site pick-up 24/7, including holidays, multimodal transport to maximize speed of shipment, no constraints on the nature of the package (any weight, any volume).

  • Transport of dangerous goods

    Your service provider will be able to take care of the transport of dangerous or regulated goods, at least within the limit of a list of predefined products that he will send you. You just have to point it out so that the airlines and other freight forwarders know about the cargo.
    Shipments containing carbo ice by road are not regulated. If the transport is by air, it is sufficient to indicate on the forms the nature of the dangerous goods and the number and weight of the packages concerned.

To simplify your search for a service provider, make a free and qualified request for a freight quote! Several offers from specialized companies will reach you within 48 hours!

Refrigerated transport: what you need to know

A prerequisite for the transport of food, refrigerated transport also covers a wide range of products in the transport of goods. In order to preserve their quality, more and more products require a mode of transport under controlled temperature. Which goods are concerned? In what conditions do your products travel? Which regulations should we obey today? Discover all you need to know to transport your goods under controlled temperature.

 

Refrigerated conveyor, products and geographical areas concerned

From the import of fish from China to the delivery of ice cream on French territory, the transport of merchandise under controlled temperature is done at all scales.

International refrigerated transport relies instead on air and sea networks. The import and export of goods are therefore possible but they are made on rare products for the importing country, the cost of transport is high.

In France, temperature-controlled transport is largely covered by the road network. It allows the implementation of the rules of hygiene and safety in a simple and fast way. In addition, it allows the proximity of trained personnel to this type of transport of goods.

Refrigerated road transport concerns three different categories of goods:

  • transport of industrial products (bakery / pastry, chocolate …),
  • transport of fresh produce (vegetables, frozen, frozen, seafood …),
  • transport of non-food products (pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, plants …).

These products must not suffer the adverse effects of heat and must therefore be transported quickly and according to strict hygiene standards so as not to break the cold chain and preserve the quality of the goods as much as possible.

 

Refrigerated transport in France in a few figures:

In France, the transport of merchandise under controlled temperature is:

  • 110,000 specialized vehicles;
  • 41,000 employees for 500 companies;
  • 100 million tonnes of products transported;
  • 10% of the road traffic in France;
  • 145 000km traveled per year.

 

Refrigerated transport, under which conditions?

Transport under temperature control implies packaging adapted to the product and mode of transport. It must therefore meet certain requirements such as the type of product, its size, the insulating and thermal properties of preservation and the time required for delivery.

Two transport possibilities are possible depending on the nature of the goods. A product can either be transported by refrigerated truck, that is to say a truck equipped with insulating walls to limit temperature variations. Or, he may travel in a non-refrigerated vehicle if his packaging is itself a refrigerant. It is then isothermal and equipped with one or more accumulators of cold, called eutectics, which allows the package to slow the heat exchange and the product to be kept at the right temperature.

In addition, warehouses are now equipped with a packaging and pre-refrigeration room to ensure the quality and freshness of the product before it is loaded and transported. Drivers, meanwhile, are trained and experienced to ensure the proper transfer of your goods and react to an unforeseen. Some pledges of confidence that are beneficial in time, money and quality. This places road freight transport at the forefront in the choice of companies requiring refrigerated transport for its products.

Price of goods transport: how to choose?

In freight transport, the price varies according to the mode of shipment chosen. You want to choose the most suitable solution for transporting your goods at the best rates? Several options are available to you which respect the good delivery times and the security of your goods. So what type of goods transport is needed, and at what cost?

 

Choose your freight carrier

Transport companies evaluate the price of goods transport by mode of transportation and by two types of taxes: tax by weight or flat tax.

Weight tax:

It is a fictitious weight that is determined to calculate the freight price of the commodity. This fictitious or “taxable” weight is calculated on the ratio weight (ton) / volume (m3). But the basis of this calculation is different depending on the mode of transport:

  • Calculation of the price of air transport of goods

Especially used for rapidly perishable products, this type of transport is fast and helps not to break the cold chain. But it is expensive compared to other modes of transport: high tariffs, explained in part by the rise in the fuel tax. Thus, the import price per kilo is 114 € to 122 € export. This explains that this mode of transport still represents only 2% of the total transport of goods. To know the weight tax applicable to the transport of your goods, you can proceed to the calculation yourself by taking a ratio weight / volume of 1 for 6.
Example: 6 tonnes of goods in real weight representing a volume of 18 m3 corresponds to 3 “taxable” tonnes of goods (18 m3 / 6 Actual tonnes = 3 tonnes “taxable”). It is then sufficient to multiply this fictitious weight by the tariff per ton of the air carrier.
According to the airline, additional charges may be added to the total cost of transportation.

  • Calculation of the price of goods transport by road

The price of road transport is set according to the weight, the nature of the goods and the distance to be covered. To calculate the rate of your freight transport, use the same principle of calculation as for air transport taking a weight / volume ratio of 1 to 3. And multiply it by the tariff of the road transport company. The competition is very strong on the road network, which generates fairly variable rates from one company to another. If you observe very low rates, do not conclude that the service offered is of lower quality. Some companies consolidate goods, which reduces transportation costs.

  • Calculation of the shipping price of goods

It is mainly used in the transport of raw materials (oil, coal, iron ore, cereals …) and for the transport of already packaged products (container, pallets, drums …). The price of sea transport applied to the goods meets a rate base of 1 ton for 1m3 “to the advantage of the carrier”, which means that if the weight exceeds the volume or vice versa, the calculation will be done on the basis of the highest value (weight or volume). Weighted freight rates are often synonymous with cheap carriers. But this mode of transport remains slower than the others.

  • Calculation of freight rail freight price

Rail traffic is perfect for transporting goods with distances greater than 100 km. Fret SNCF has become a major freight carrier in Europe (2nd European rail carrier). But for international transport, we must take into account different pricing rules from one country to another. This makes the price transport package very variable. Rates are also defined according to the weight of the goods to be shipped and the distance to be traveled.

Flat fee:

The flat tax applies to the transport of goods already packaged as the container. The transport price of the container is easy to calculate since the tax applies “to the box” (container, truck or wagon). As with the weight tax, the flat rate takes into account the nature of the goods to be transported. Moreover, it makes it possible to compare the prices of the carriers of the different companies more simply.

What responsibility for the freight carrier?

When you make use of a freight carrier, a contract binds you to the freight carrier. In case of theft or damage to the goods what are your rights and what is the carrier’s liability? Back on the responsibilities that travel with your merchandise.

Transport and delivery, which regulations?

The regulation concerning the transport of goods is more and more strict. Increasing the standards of safety and hygiene helps to preserve the quality of the products transported. The goal is to make transportation an added value to the product.

For certain goods, these are specific standards that must be respected by the carrier of goods. Food products, live animals or transport of dangerous goods, a different regulation applies and makes the transport of certain goods a public health issue. To avoid any problem when receiving the products, the carriers put in place more advanced security measures to prevent possible accidents. Among these measures, product traceability.

Traceability and security of the road transport of goods

Freight transport professionals and logistics providers are undergoing major changes in the way they organize themselves. To prevent the risk of theft or misdelivery of goods, carriers are increasingly using new technologies that track the products transported. From barcodes to smart tags that are remotely searchable, these modern technologies are a guarantee of security for the merchandise carrier, but also a way to always have an eye on the quality of the product.

The main purpose of this monitoring is for the company to improve its performance. The technologies make it possible to identify the transported product more quickly, to follow and record its journey until the receipt of the goods and to control its quality. These new tools contribute to compliance with safety and hygiene standards, but also contribute to the growth of the company by raising the level of customer satisfaction and standing out from the competition. The chain of custody is thus from the supplier to the user.

International freight transport, what security?

Depending on the type of goods transported and the mode of transport used, freight transport in France obeys a separate regulation. Seller and buyer are bound by contracts that are necessary for one or the other in case of degradation of the product.

If the carrier damages the goods, it is the insurance that takes over and allows part of the refund on the damaged goods. Consult the international regulations for road, rail, sea and air transport to find out about the different conventions governing transport.

Carriers: Are you well insured?

All transport of goods must be covered by insurance taken out by the carrier. This contract protects it against the risks incurred during transport, from the point of loading to the point of delivery, whatever the mode of transport.

The liability insurance of the carrier is essential

A transport of goods is subject to various risks which may implicate the carrier’s liability. In fact, the latter undertakes to deliver goods to the delivery point in the same state as when they were taken over.
In case of damage, the carrier is held responsible, without the shipper having to establish the proof. This is why he is legally obliged to insure himself. This contract does not cover the goods transported , but guarantees the repayment of sums committed to the sender in the event of an incident.

The applications of the carrier insurance contract

Carriers, your goods transport must be insured, especially in the following cases:

  • The transport concerns goods that belong to a third party.
  • Transport concerns your own goods.
  • Transport concerns valuable goods.

In case of dispute, the carrier is obliged to pay compensation for damages for which he is held legally responsible, however in case of force majeure this responsibility may be limited:

  • When sinking, stormy or boarding
  • During an earthquake or other natural disaster
  • During attacks and aggression with armed or other hand.

Establish your insurance contract

The insurer will establish its contract based on several elements, which will influence the calculation of the premium:

  • the activity of the company.
  • the nature of the objects transported.
  • the geographical areas covered.

There is therefore no standard tariff, to subscribe a contract, it is necessary to take stock in detail with an insurer or consult the insurance online to get quotes.
It may also be worthwhile to take out a supplementary guarantee in order to benefit from full coverage.
But of course, the insurance can only intervene in the case where the responsibility of the carrier is engaged and if it can not exonerate it.

Carrier: how does it work?

Role of the freight carrier

The freight carrier is the transport professional most often solicited by companies. Its responsibility is to send each property entrusted to it in the right place, in national or international delivery, within the given deadlines and without damage.
The general transport companies can take care of any kind of merchandise from the document under fold to the container that will take a cargo or plane. The pickup schedule is agreed upon with each customer. Then the carrier to collect all these requests for delivery of packages and consolidate shipments according to different parameters: time, destination, volume, etc.

Modes of transport and infrastructure

A carrier may use multiple modes of transportation to honor each order:

  • overland route: road or rail transport
  • sea ​​or river transport
  • air Transport
  • multimodal transport: a combination of several of these modes

The transport company is also dependent on infrastructure to load / unload goods (ports, airports), to cross natural obstacles during the journey (tunnels, bridges, locks, viaducts, etc.) or to park and / or maintain the vehicles. The latter (trucks, cars, utilities, trains, planes, cargo) depend of course on the chosen communication route: air, sea or land.

Tariff grid and carrier

Whatever the service requested, a carrier always uses the same criteria to establish its commercial offer.
First, the price of the service depends on the type of goods transported, including:

  • its format
  • its volume
  • his weight

The price of the shipment also depends on:

  • distance from the destination which may be international
  • the modes of transport used

To find a trusted provider for all your transportation needs, in less than a minute, you answer a few questions to clarify your request. You will then receive within 48 hours several quotes from certified carriers that meet your expectations.

Transportation of personal effects abroad: formalities

Depending on which country you leave and which country you join, the formalities you will have to follow will not be the same.

If you stay in the Schengen area

You will not have to pay customs duties. However, border controls are not excluded. You must ensure that you do not carry dangerous or prohibited goods by customs. In addition, a certificate of change of residence may be required to authorize the transit of your personal effects in customs. This document is obtained from the local authorities or from the French consulate.

If you move out of the Schengen area

Again, a certificate of change of residence may be required. Concerning the transport of your personal effects towards the international one, a franchise can be granted to you if you fulfill the following conditions:
  • residence abroad for more than 12 months;
  • use and possession of property for more than six months prior to transfer of residence.
This deductible allows you to not pay the duties and taxes related to the importation of your goods. Note that goods admitted duty-free can not be assigned, rented or lent during the 12 months following their importation.
In all cases, you will have to provide the customs service with a number of documents to authorize the transport of your goods:
  • an inventory of all your property detailed, estimated, dated and signed, in two copies;
  • any document proving that you reside in a third country;
  • any document proving that you are moving abroad.
In return, the customs service will give you a signed copy of the inventory and a free circulation card, at your request.

Moving abroad: possible solutions


Depending on the quantity of goods to be shipped, the distance between the place of dispatch and the place of reception, some solutions will be more suitable than others when transporting your personal belongings internationally.

By plane

It is the fastest means of transport, but also the most expensive and therefore the most rarely used. It is suitable for all types of shipping, except for goods that are too heavy (several tons) as well as products requiring special precautions, such as dangerous products for example.
The price depends on the weight transported. Count:
  • between € 2,000 and € 3,000 for 100 to 300 kg of goods;
  • between 3,000 and 4,000 € for 300 to 500 kg;
  • between 4,000 and 7,000 € for 500 to 1,000 kg.

To these costs are added the costs of insurance and customs.

By boat

This is the most cost-effective solution for a move abroad,  and it is perfectly suited to bulk mailings. Nevertheless, delivery times are often longer and less reliable than by air.
In terms of fare, the move by sea will cost you between 180 and 250 € per m3 transported for a container in groupage. For a complete container, count 100 to 150 € per m3.

By train
This is one of the least expensive solutions, with the boat. Its strengths: reliable deadlines and assured security. However, it does not allow to deliver everywhere: it is better to check the density of the railway network of your host country before opting for this solution.

As an indication, a move by rail will cost you between € 1,300 and € 2,300 for 30 m3 of furniture and personal effects. The price includes the loading, the transport and the delivery: it varies according to the selected options (protection of the furniture, assembly and disassembly of the furniture, packing of the fragile objects …)

By truck

This means of transport allows you to pick up your belongings directly from your home and deliver them anywhere on the continent, or even beyond if you choose a combined mode truck-train or truck-boat. However, safety is lower than when traveling by train, boat or plane and delays can be extended depending on traffic conditions.

Still indicative, count approximately 800 € to transport 20 m3 of goods over 500 km, and 1 120 € to transport 20 m3 of goods over 700 km.

The cost of transporting your personal belongings internationally  can also increase depending on the destination, the price of gasoline or tolls.