Traveling on two wheels with children: how to choose a bicycle seat

Moving around by bicycle with your children requires some extra attention, especially in terms of safety . First of all it would be a good idea for you to prefer paths that develop on cycle paths and in any case away from urban traffic, but it is certainly necessary to have the guarantee that the child travels in his or her seat in total safety .

According to the Highway Code, you cannot carry more than one child at a time by bicycle.
Children can start cycling with mum or dad starting at eight, nine months, when they are able to sit upright. From this age up to about 5 years, they must have a seat that has certain requirements, contained in the standard EN 14344 (the European legislation in force since 2005, also in Italy, which regulates the homologation of the seat ).

How to choose the bike seat
The seats, which can be fixed on the bicycle both front and rear, are classified according to the weight of the child and their positioning in front of or behind the cyclist: the carrying capacity of those mounted behind is from 9 to 22 kg, and these they are subdivided into rear seats for children weighing from 9 to 15 kg bearing the letters A 1 5 , and rear seats for children weighing from 9 to 22 kg bearing the letters A22 ); the transport capacity of the seats mounted between the handlebar and the saddle (which bear the initials C 15 ), on the other hand, ranges from 9 to a maximum of 15 kg . The front seatit cannot be fixed to the handlebar , but must be mounted on the bicycle frame: only in this way is its stability guaranteed.

Each seat must be approved and equipped with a backrest , fixing system and safety (better if the safety belts are also adjustable) and must have a device to protect the child’s feet, just to prevent them from ending up between the spokes or the wheels of the bicycle. It is also necessary to pay attention to the presence or not of parts and components of the seat so small that they can be detached and accidentally ingested by the little ones.

How to understand if the product is up to standard? You must search for the markup . The child seat, in fact, must bear the number of the EN 14344 standard , general information on the maximum weight of the child that can be transported, the manufacturer’s name or brand, the date and month of manufacture.

The electric car must make noise, the law establishes it. And there are those who engage the composer of “The Gladiator”

Quiet, too much, so much so that you might not notice their presence. Hybrid and electric cars have this characteristic, they are not very noisy. Which is potentially a threat to pedestrians. For this reason, from 1 July the European legislation UN 138 came into force , requiring manufacturers of electric and hybrid vehicles to equip all new models to be registered in the European Union with the AVAS device (Audible Vehicle Alert System).

The obligation also applies to vehicles already in circulation, which have until 1 July 2021 to adapt. Furthermore, as of September 1, 2019, the United States will also establish the noise obligation for electric and hybrid cars with the NHTSA (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration).

But let’s get back to Europe immediately: what then is the AVAS? It is basically a buzzer that emits a sound with a high and clearly distinguishable tone. The intensity should be at least 56 decibels up to a maximum of 75 decibels (which corresponds roughly to the noise of a traditional car). Activation of the AVAS is mandatory if you are traveling at less than 20 kilometers per hour and if you are reversing. Other information, for the driver there will be no way to disable it.

However, there are already those who have taken the opportunity to create a more attractive product and to stand out from their competitors. We are talking about the BMW . The Munich-based automaker for the AVAS devices fitted to its models has seen fit to hire a big piece of the contemporary music scene, Hans Zimmer .

The German composer, famous all over the world for having signed the soundtracks of films like The Gladiator, The Da Vinci Code, Sherlock Holmes, Inception and Interstellar, has created a customized “drive sound” for BMW Vision M Next, the concept plug-in 600 horsepower hybrid car presented last June 25 in Munich. In addition, Zimmer is working on the creation of the BMW Iconic Sounds Electric, the range of sounds for the AVAS which will be equipped with the new electric models of the German brand. In short, not really “noise”.

Public transport in Milan: how to get around the city without polluting

Moving to Milan is increasingly a superhero business. But only if you do it in the car. Because let’s be honest, Milan is chaotic and busy, especially at peak times, but public transport works and serves the urban and extra-urban area fairly evenly. Perhaps we Milanese should learn to move to the city using more public transport by promoting sustainable mobility that would give us back a much less polluted city. So let’s see what public transport can convince us to leave the car in the garage and get us to the office in a good mood.

Move to Milan by public transport
1.On the subway
2.With the Lines S
3.By bus, trolleybus and tram
4.With the neighborhood Radiobus
5.By bike
6.Airport management
On the subway

In Milan, the subway , operated by the ATM (Azienda Trasporti Milanesi), travels on four lines: the M1 (red line), the M2 (green line), the M3 (yellow line) and the M5 (lilac line), but it is under construction a fifth line that will take the name of M4 (blue line) and that will cross Milan for about 15 km, connecting S. Cristoforo FS (to the west) with Linate Airport (to the east), and passing through Old Town.

The service is active throughout the year, with two hourly regimes: the winter and the summer in July and August. In principle the first ride from the various terminals is at 5.45 am while the last is at 00.30, except for the lilac line (M5) in service from 5.40 am to midnight.

With the Lines S
A little ‘train and a bit’ subway, the S lines or loops Railways are suburban rail lines that provide the connection between the center of Milan with municipalities hinterland and neighboring provinces taking advantage of the Railway that connects the city to the north east (Certosa and Bovisa) to the south-east (Rogoredo) and along the surface railway lines. The service of the S lines is guaranteed every day from 6 am to midnight, with runs every 30 minutes, whose arrival and departure times are indicated on specific luminous panels in each station of the railway bypass.

By bus, trolleybus and tram
Eighteen tram lines (one of which is long distance), 4 trolleybus lines and over 110 bus linesurban and suburban: surface transport in Milan is a valid alternative to the use of cars. Not only because public transport generally respect timetables, but because traveling on a tram or a bus can turn into a daily routine, even pleasant, allowing you to live and see the city without the stress that pervades the average motorist blocked by traffic. As for the subway, also buses, trolleybuses and trams have two regimes of time, winter and summer; the trams come into service from 4.30 am to 6.00 am until 1.00 am – 2.30 am, the buses start the service at 5.30 am / 6.00 am, until 0.30 am – 1.45 am, trolley buses 90/91 instead do continuous service.

With the neighborhood Radiobus
Every day from 10 pm to 2 am, in the various districts of Milan. the Radiobus service is active . How does it work? in each district there is a terminus for the Radiobus. It is sufficient to book the service by calling 02 48034803 (you can call the same day starting at 13) and communicate the time, the point of departure and arrival, as long as it is obviously in the same neighborhood. If you happen to not have made a reservation, but to see a Radiobus pass by on the street, you can ask him to stop with a wave of the hand, like a taxi, and once on board, you can communicate your destination to the driver. The ticket can be purchased on board, at the cost of the usual urban ticket.

By bike

By now bike sharing is becoming a bit popular everywhere and a city like Milan could not be deprived of it. Managed by ATM, BikeMI is the bicycle sharing service born in Milan in 2008. The service is active 365 days a year, from 7.00 am to 1.00 am and the time is extended in the spring and summer season (with days that get longer!) and at special events. By subscribing to the service it is possible to take advantage of both traditional bicycles and pedal assisted bicycles and the costs are limited: an annual pass costs € 36, weekly € 9, daily € 4.50. For all the Frequently Asked Questions at this link you will find the answer to all the questions about the service.

Transport in the city, the app helps you: the solutions to move “smart”

At the beginning it was Waze, launched in 2008. The smart navigator worked (and continues to work) so well that Google became jealous of it and bought it for about 1.5 billion dollars in 2013, using it to perfect its Maps . In the meantime, the roads (and smartphones) were being filled with alternative solutions to traditional mobility or platforms capable of reorganizing the often (incomplete) public services. In 2011, for example, it was the case of another Israeli startup which is today a reference in the sector. It’s called Moovit, 35 million people in 800 cities around the world use it (on iOS, Android and Windows 10), 54 of them in Italy.

You have to go from one place to another but don’t know how to compose the puzzle of the means? Moovit, which sucks data from both commuters like you and past statistics, suggests the ideal solution. Even the waiting time at the stop. While to administrations and transport companies offers a free service to manage information to travelers. It happens, among other cities, with Trenord in Lombardy, in Turin, Pescara, Pistoia, Pavia with Arfea or in the capital thanks to the agreement with Rome services for mobility. And now among the options available on how to cover the path there is also Uber, and the scope is pachydermic: the pact will be staged in 131 cities and 22 countries around the world. For Italy also in Florence beyond Rome and Milan. Maybe late at night, when vehicles are scarce, in addition to the proposed solutions, the blue car race will also appear. As confirmed by a recent study by the American Public Transportation Association, users who use ride sharing services like Uber are more willing to use public transport. And no less. In fact, the vocation is to intermodality.
Public transport, apps for navigating in the city.

Even the London-based Citymapper, active in Italy only on Rome and Milan, is gathering enormous success. Moreover, these are applications that play the role of assistants very well, but go further, with strong social functions and traces of gamification. The iPhone and Android app, very clean and intuitive perhaps more than the others, combines means and solutions like Moovit and, while it helps you move, it counts calories and notifies you when you need to get out of the way.

Meanwhile, even in Rome, after a year in Milan, myTaxi (iOS and Android) has landed, a kind of Uber for taxi drivers purchased in 2014 from the giant Daimler that also controls car2go. With 10 million users in 40 cities around the world, it is basically another sign of the tendency towards integration: co-operatives and affiliations do not count. Taxi drivers can join the platform and choose to receive rides via the platform. The user can book, keep an eye on the car route, know the driver and license plate as well as pay directly from the application. “The enthusiasm with which Rome welcomed us is unbelievable – explained Barbara Covili, general manager of myTaxi Italy – in less than a month of work, we have already created an important fleet of mytaxists, which will allow us to make it widespread the service in the Capital.

New car: only 20% change it for safety

The choice of the car is a particularly difficult time for consumers . A study confirms that, after choosing a new home, finding the right car takes time and energy . If drivers keep their cars tight, a number of factors push them in the opposite direction; old age, mechanical problems and the search for greater security are the springs that push to turn the page. In the choice there are those who start from style and those who look to the right immediately focusing on the right engine and price range. Here then, only 38% of buyers can afford to pay the car with their savings. The choice of the car is a moral process step by step that lasts for up to 8 and a half weeks.

The choice of the car is an important moment. Motorists, especially the italieni, leave behind their old car hardly . In fact there are many aspects to be decided; we start from the dimensions and type of frame , we move on to the specifications of the engine but without forgetting the eye to the final price. Here then that Seat wanted to draw the identikit of the choice through a specifically dedicated research. It emerged that more than half of all customers use the configurator on the carmaker’s websitebefore visiting the dealership. It must be said that the choice is very polarized; one in three buyers chooses cars with a high driving position, such as SUVs. The typical case sees an average person of 53 years interested in an SUV and called to invest up to two months to complete the purchase ( Read in January 2019 used car at + 7.4% ). For consumers, after buying a house, the one for the car is the second largest investment. 55% of buyers are driven by the choice of mileage and the age of their car.

It must be said, however, that 20% of sales is the result of the desire for greater safety , more space, lower fuel consumption while 15% of the sample claims to be motivated by family circumstances. Other personal factors, including the change of job or the completion of the studies, account for 10% ( Read about the collapse of diesel only 32% of European cars is ). No wonder then that the average duration of the buying process is eight and a half weeks . 45% of customers decide first of all the style and size (increasingly important), 24% focuses on the engine, 17% on the tight budget and the remaining 14% want a specific brand. Beware though because 55%prospective buyers starting the search for the car with a specific brand in mind change their preferences during the purchase process . In this sense 9 out of 10 consumers admit that the recommendations made by people in their circle are familiar and have an impact on their final decision; we usually seek advice from an average of 8 friends or family members.

Used car: an algorithm can predict its residual life

An algorithm that can change the way to buy a used car with more security , but also to guide it over time knowing what you are wearing. It is the novelty presented by the Polytechnic of Tornio that has developed a scientific method to know how many years of life remain to a used car on the basis of a series of evaluations that are not only km to today the only most accessible tool for consumers. A revolution also welcomed by the trade association of used vehicle dealers who proposed clearer European indications that will be discussed in Brussels.

We have said it a lot of times, the used car keeps one of the most active markets in Italy in motion ( in January 2019 187 used cars sold every 100 new vehicle registrations ). But the business of the century can turn out to be a colossal bin if you lose your head for one of the many “car mileage”, ie those recent cars perfect to be rejuvenated by lowering the distance shown by the odometer. This is why we have created a guide to buying the car used with the check-list of checks that everyone can do. Controls that the algorithm developed by the research team of the Politecnico di Torino can do independently andreport also to the driver when something is about to wear out and launch the maintenance alert to be done.

The algorithm designed at the Department of Management Engineering and Production of the Polytechnic of Turin (DIGEP)
“A formula that not only makes the radiography of the car at the moment, but that can also be useful for future use and continuous monitoring of the kilometers routes, age of the vehicle, but also the driving style and stress load to which it was subjected – explains Luca Mastrogiacomo , professor of DIGEP – These are some examples of variables taken into account by the algorithm that allows not only to calculate the remaining life of a vehicle used at the time of its purchase, but also prospectively turning it into a devicewhich, installed on the vehicle and connected to an app, provides the wearer in real time, component by component, and to predict any faults allowing planning and optimizing its maintenance ” .

In Italy there are over 157 thousand companies operating in the sale of vehicles and there are 440 thousand employees, according to researchers. Last year, more than half of the automotive sector sales involved the second-hand vehicle. Even in Europe the numbers are important: from 2011 to 2016 the number of vehicles circulated rose from 243 to 257 million and, in this ranking , Italy is in second place with 37.8 million behind Germany and ahead of the United Kingdomand France. A device that can help to find the scams of used cars more easily but that has been well received among the proposals to protect the sector from the Italian association of used vehicle dealers (AIRVO) to a technical table that will be established in the European Parliament . Stay connected because we will come back to tell you more.

CNG Uber: cleaner cars for NCCs in Brazil

That of ‘ pollution is a serious problem that affects all major cities worldwide. In Brazil Uber decides to focus on gas powered cars. The choice fell on one of the major existing builders of LPG and aftermarket and OEM systems. Together the two players aim to reduce polluting emissions by promising lower operating costs and more competitive rates for service users. The agreement provides for the conversion of cars owned by Uber partner drivers throughout Brazil from natural gas to gas with a specific dedicated offer. Power systems promise a smog cut across the South American country and a green alternative to all those who choose shared mobility.

Uber chooses to forge an alliance with the world leader in the sector of CNG and CNG fuel system components and systems . The exclusive collaboration agreement binds the Brazilian branch of Uber , to the Landi Renzo company and provides for the conversion of the cars owned by the Uber driver partners throughout Brazil from gas to methane thanks to the solutions offered by the company. The partnership between the two groups provides an offer dedicated to drivers from all over the South American country with authorized workshops that will also provide an after-sales service. As part of the agreement, Uber’s offer was also agreed to its Brazilian collaborators for a special financing line for the purchase and installation of CNG kits with the payment of weekly installments ( Read methane to self-service with the EU’s ok ).

Present since 2004 in Brazil, Landi Renzo decides to team up with Uber will be in the fight against pollution reduction. The result is a training course that aims to provide Uber partner drivers with educational sessions on the advantages of natural gas and the conversion of vehicles to natural gas. The cycle of meetings will take place through the personnel of the network of authorized workshops at the hubs of Uber in Brazil. The mobility giant has also made available its online channels, website and app, to increase the capillarity of information. Fabio Plein , Director of Uber in Sao Paulo declared: “Uber has been profoundly changing the Brazilian cities since 2014, to the point that São Paulo and Rio De Janeiro are today among the top 5 cities in the world by number of trips.Rediving sharing has revolutionized the relationship of millions of people with their private cars and it is exciting to imagine the potential for change and the multiplier effect of natural gas conversions of vehicles, a much better alternative for the environment “.

San Paolo and Rio De Janeiro represent, respectively, the first and third fleet of Uber and we are already working to be able to replicate the same agreement in Mexico . This offer also responds to a desire to improve the healthiness of the Brazilian metropolis. Rio de Janeiro is in fact a metropolis of 12 million inhabitants in whose air circulates a lot of particulate matter due to the combustion of engines. In fact, since 2008, the air of the metropolis has exceeded the PM10 limits on average two to three times a year ; it is a serious threat to human health given the thickness of 10 or less microns. From 2010 to 2014 the annual average of PM10 stood at 52 micrograms per cubic meter of air, while the limit recommended by the WHO stops at only 20 ( Read petrol and diesel from the garbage comes the special machine ).

Connected cars and cyber security: 62% of developers are approximate

The connected car is the closest frontier for the mobility sector. However, there are serious concerns regarding the safety of these vehicles. Recent research has highlighted the high vulnerabilities of on-board software that become accessible to hackers and malicious users who can use cellular networks, Wi-Fi and physical connections. The sample of consulted tech professionals said that car manufacturers lack sufficient resources to fight threats. In fact , 62% of respondents said that their organizations do not have the skillscomputer security necessary to protect themselves. In short, connected mobility opens the door to new and unexplored threats. At stake is the safety of the vehicles and the owners themselves.


The car manufacturers are launching increasingly sophisticated features to make life easier for motorists. These are updates that, however, also make new cars more vulnerable to cyber attacks. A research group has drawn up a report on the subject specifying that as the connected vehicles arrive on the street, the software vulnerabilities become accessible to the bad guys. Cellular networks, Wi-Fi and physical connections can open the doors to vehicles and a failure to respond to these risks could be a very costly mistake, with a negative impact on consumer confidence, personal privacy and the reputation of the brand itself (Read keyless systems at risk ).

The automotive engineers and IT professionals questioned said that car manufacturers are not keeping pace with rapidly changing security threats . Car manufacturers are driving new cars with infotainment systems, autonomous driving capabilities, Wi-Fi, cellular connections and more that make them vulnerable. The study, commissioned by the automotive trade group SAE International and by the computer security company Synopsys, underlined that “Unauthorized remote access to the vehicle network and the potential for hackers to hinge on security systems they risk not only drivers’ personal information, but also their physical security . ” In 2015, hackers detected a flaw in the Jeep Cherokee due to which they could infiltrate the system and control the steering, brakes and transmission; everything from a remote laptop ( Read Tesla sends Model 3 to hackers ).

The survey, sent to over 15,000 IT professionals, developers and engineers in the automotive industry, has shown that for most respondents, car manufacturers do not have sufficient resources to fight the threats. According to 62% of respondents, their organizations do not have the information security skills necessary to protect themselves. The study is one of the latest efforts to demonstrate how technology can make vehicles very vulnerable. The report estimates that 25% of cars on the road in 2030 will be semi-autonomous or autonomous. Connected cars will account for 65% of new car sales already by 2020 .

Modena: the first Masters course on the autonomous driving of FCA and UniMoRe arrives

It was only a matter of time before even the Italian forges of experts and professionals began to look at the new orientation of the futuristic technologies coming. And since autonomous driving is an increasingly tangible realitywhich risks remaining in the hands of the Startups with which the car manufacturers collaborate, FCA has started the first Italian training course. The Master will begin in May 2019 and will last one year. It is aimed at graduates in Mechatronics Engineering, Computer Engineering, Computer Science, Electronics Engineering, Automation Engineering, Telecommunications Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science and Engineering, Aerospace Engineering and Astronautics, Biomedical Engineering and Chemical Engineering. A demonstration of the multidisciplinarity of the course is the fact that it is held in English, 1500 hours are planned between classes and internship and is open to 20 participants .

The future professionals coming out of the Master will be highly qualified, suitable to cover managerial roles in the design and development of intelligent systems for connected and autonomous vehicles. “This new second level master’s degree that we have thought together with the University of Trento, with the collaboration of the Fiat Research Center and the Bruno Kessler Foundation – comments Rector Unimore Angelo O. Andrisano – intends to offer a general overview of the modern electronic and IT technologies used in the automotive field, providing expertise of increasing impact in various industrial sectors and of great relevance in applied research. “The ADBot Masters issues 60 accredited university credits (CFU) and expendable in the European Union: Candidates are offered the opportunity to access 12 scholarships worth 10 thousand euros , in addition to the exemption of the registration fee of 2,500 euros and others sponsored by some industrial partners.


The program was organized with theoretical lessons, practical workshops (“hands-on”), – FCA knows – seminars with experts covering topics ranging from robotics, human-machine interaction, artificial intelligence, connectivity and security, hardware and software architecture for autonomous vehicles up to the management of sensors, actuators and vehicle control. At the end of the frontal teaching a 7-month internship is scheduled at one of the industrial partners or organizing bodies, to carry out a project related to the master’s topics. ” An engineer who starts working today in our industry will have to complete his classical mechanical training with new knowledge: from artificial intelligence to machine learning, fromcybersecurity at sensor fusion “commented Roberto Fedeli , FCA Global Innovation Manager and CEO of the Fiat Research Center.

4 tips on how to transport bikes with your car on holiday

The time of the summer holidays has already arrived and many Italians have already reached the places where they spend the much desired vacation. In the “equipment” for the holiday very often falls the bicycle , perhaps one for each member of the family, and it is not rare to cross the road drivers who transport the two wheels to the best, tied on the luggage rack , or unlikely stowed in the trunk. Obviously, carrying such a bulky cargo in an improvised manner can be dangerous for road safety and for the safety of the car’s occupants. Let’s find out together which are the safest ways and the tips to transport the bikes with the car in complete safety.


The safest way to transport one or more bicycles by car during a trip is to secure them to an approved bicycle carrier . This important accessory is securely and securely attached to the vehicle and the bikes are subsequently secured. On the market it is possible to find many models of bike carriers which differ for the type of fixing to the car , on the roof or on the boot lid, and for the number of bicycles that can be loaded. A complete overview of the bike carrier can be viewed on the Bikester specialist portal .

One of the most common and common types is the roof rack; this support is fixed to the roof bars , so it is essential that the car is provided. Each bike carrier can carry one bicycle at a time , so if you need to transport more than one, you need to buy more bike racks, obviously compatible with the available space on the roof . The roof bike carrier is certainly the most economical type but certainly not the most practical, if installed on an SUV or on a Off-road, taking or storing bicycles could prove not very easy ( Read here what are the 10 checks to do before of the holidays ).


The tailgate rack is far more practical than the roof rack, especially for the height at which it is fixed . Another advantage offered by this type of support is the number of bicycles that can be transported: some models of bike racks allow you to safely and neatly store up to 3 bicycles. The most advanced models also allow you to open the tailgate and access the luggage compartment even with the bikes attached to the support.


The towing bike carriers are the most complex, as a concept, but are among the most practical models to mount and use . These supports offer a considerable load capacity, some models allow you to load up to 4 bikes or bulky electric bikes . Among the advantages offered, the speed of assembly and the minor impact on the aerodynamics of the vehicle . The tow hook carriers often cover the license plate and the light clusters and for this reason they are marketed with lights, including the direction indicators , and prepared for the repeater plate to be requested from the Motorization or at the car service agency.